This information design project represents a long standing interest of mine in the similar histories of Australia and the United States.
Both countries began as far-off outposts of the British Empire, and though settlers landed in what would become the United States some 200 years before the first European Australians, both groups arrived to find lands already occupied by Indigenous Peoples.
This poster is an attempt to visually relate European colonialism and population growth to the destruction of indigenous populations.
The first part of the poster draws parallels between the initial European landing (on the east coasts of both continents) and shows the gradual spread of European settlement across historical tribal lands.
In fertile North America, settlers fought Native Americans for control of agricultural land through dubious and often violent means, gradually spreading westward. Australia on the other hand, proved to be more difficult; its massive uninhabitable interior remains sparsely settled to this day. European settlers on the Australian continent would settle the coastal regions first and mainly drive cattle and sheep into the outback of southeast and southwest Australia.
European and other non-Native settlement heavily increased after the discovery of gold (In California in 1848, and in New South Wales in 1851), driving economic growth and further industrial development over native populations barely surviving disease, discrimination, and violence.
Using census data and academic estimates of indigenous populations, the timeline seeks to show the drastic rise of settlers on both continents against the decline of indigenous people. Significant moments affecting both population and nation building are denoted along the x axis.
© 2018 Julie Sutherland UX IxD